Barclay, Robert

(1648-1690)
   Apologist of the Quakers, s. of Col. David B. of Ury, ed. at the Scots Coll. in Paris, of which his uncle was Rector, made such progress in study as to gain the admiration of his teachers, specially of his uncle, who offered to make him his heir if he would remain in France, and join the Roman Catholic Church. This he refused to do, and, returning to Scotland, he in 1667 adopted the principles of the Quakers as his f. had already done. Soon afterwards he began to write in defence of his sect, by pub. in 1670 Truth cleared of Calumnies, and a Catechism and Confession of Faith (1673). His great work, however, is his Apology for the Quakers, pub. in Latin in 1676, and translated into English in 1678. It is a weighty and learned work, written in a dignified style, and was eagerly read. It, however, failed to arrest the persecution to which the Quakers were exposed, and B. himself, on returning from the Continent, where he had gone with Foxe and Penn, was imprisoned, but soon regained his liberty, and was in the enjoyment of Court favour. He was one of the twelve Quakers who acquired East New Jersey, of which he was appointed nominal Governor. His latter years were spent at his estate of Ury, where he d. The essential view which B. maintained was, that Christians are illuminated by an inner light superseding even the Scriptures as the guide of life. His works have often been reprinted.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barclay, Robert — (c. 1648 1690)    early Quaker apologist    Robert Barclay was born around 1648 at Gordons town, Morayshire, Scotland. Sent by his father to study in France, Barclay almost became a Roman Catholic, but eventually he joined his father in adhering… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Barclay, Robert — (1648–90)    Theologian.    A Scotsman, Barclay was educated in Paris. He joined the Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1667. He was the author of several works of Quaker theology, including A Catechism and Confession of Faith, the Anarchy of the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Barclay, Robert — ▪ Scottish Quaker leader born Dec. 23, 1648, Gordonstoun, Moray, Scot. died Oct. 3, 1690, Ury, Aberdeen       Quaker leader whose Apology for the True Christian Divinity (1678) became a standard statement of Quaker doctrines. His friendship with… …   Universalium

  • Barclay, Robert — SUBJECT AREA: Paper and printing [br] b. c.1833 d. November 1876 [br] English inventor of the offset method in printing. [br] Barclay, a member of the celebrated banking family, ran a printing business in the City of London in partnership with… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Barclay, Robert H. —    Born in Scotland. Took part in the battle of Trafalgar. Sent to Canada, and commander of British naval force on Lake Erie in 1813. On Sept. 10, 1813, defeated by the American fleet under Perry. Subsequently court martialled, but acquitted.… …   The makers of Canada

  • Robert Barclay — (December 23, 1648 – October 3, 1690), one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Heriot Barclay — (* 18. September 1786 in Kettle, Schottland; † 8. Mai 1837 in Edinburgh) war ein britischer Marineoffizier der Napoleonischen Kriege und des Kriegs von 1812 mit den Vereinigten Staaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barclay [3] — Barclay, Robert. Schotte, geb. 1648, wurde in Paris katholisch, später Quäker, durch seine Schriften Apologet dieser Sekte; sie genießen bei ihr fast das Ansehen symbolischer Bücher; B. st. 1690 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Barclay Fox — Robert Barclay Fox (September 6,1817 March 10,1855), businessman, gardener and diarist, a member of the influential Quaker Fox family of Falmouth. Family relationships He was the son of Robert Were Fox F.R.S. of Falmouth in Cornwall and Maria… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Charlebois — Surnom Garou le fou Naissance 25 juin 1944 (1944 06 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

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